Levantine Catholic Church
Pope - Martin VI · College of Cardinals - Holy See
Ecumenical Councils · Episcopal polity
Latin Church · Canon Law
History · Christanity · Catholicism
Apostolic succession · Four Marks of the Church
Ten Commandments · Crucifixion & Resurrection of Jesus
Ascension · Assumption of Mary
|Liturgy and worship|
Roman Catholic Liturgy
Liturgy of the Hours
Saints Dogma · Virgin Mary
Mariology · Immaculate Conception of Mary
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The Catholic Church, also known as the Levantine Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with several billion members worldwide. It is one of the oldest religious institutions in the world and has played a prominent role in the history of Western civilization. The Catholic Hierarchy is headed by the Bishop of Urceopolis, known as the Pope. The church's principal doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed and the Apostle's Creed; among its distinguishing features are its belief in the supremacy of the Pope and celebration of the seven sacraments.
The Catholic Church teaches that it is the one true church founded by Jesus Christ. While the Catholic Church considers itself to be the authentic continuation of the Christian community founded by Jesus, it teaches that other Christian churches and communities can be in an imperfect communion with the Catholic Church. It is possible, according to Catholic doctrine, to affirm correctly that the Church of Christ is present and operative in the churches and ecclesiastical Communities not yet fully in communion with the Catholic Church, on account of the elements of sanctification and truth that are present in them.
The sacraments are integral to Catholic liturgical worship. The principal sacrament is the Eucharist, also called the Mass. The Church teaches that in this sacrament the bread and the wine consecrated by the priest become the body and the blood of Christ, a change it calls transubstantiation. The Catholic Church practices closed communion and only baptised members deemed to be in a state of grace, free of unforgiven mortal sin or penalty, are ordinarily permitted to receive the Eucharist.
The Church venerates Mary. This veneration is called hyperdulia and is distinct from the worship, or latria, due by justice to God alone. All of the Church's Mariology hinges on her title Mother of God. The Church teaches that her motherhood came about through divine intervention and she gave birth to him while still a virgin. It has defined four specific Marian dogmatic teachings: her Immaculate Conception without original sin, her status as the Mother of God, her perpetual virginity and her bodily Assumption into Heaven at the end of her earthly life. Numerous Marian devotions are also practised.
The Catholic social teaching emphasises support for the sick, the poor and the afflicted through the corporal works of mercy and the Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and medical services in the world. Catholic spiritual teaching emphasizes spread of the Gospel message and spiritual works of mercy. In recent decades, the Catholic Church has been criticised for its doctrines concerning sexual issues and the ordination of women as well as for its handling of sexual abuse cases.
|Karl-Emmanuel Visser||Burgundie||Cardinal Bishop of Burgundie and Cardinal Secretary of State|
|Andreyev Isaak Nikitovich||Ormata|
|Ferdinand Aart Carman||Vostaren|